If you are seriously thinking about how to create a complete wireless network at home, the first thing – is to buy the “right” of the router. Proper router in this case is a device that provides a stable Internet connection throughout your home or apartment.
Why is it important not to be mistaken
So, which is preferable to choose a WiFi router for your home or apartment, mobile or landline? When choosing a wifi router good quality for your home, we will inevitably encounter some difficulties. These difficulties are largely due to a large selection of devices on the market today. A wide range of products and the lack of experience in this regard can play a bad joke with users.
It is not recommended to choose the Wi fi router at random, without consulting with a specialist. If this is not possible, it is best to take a few minutes of your time to get acquainted with the available devices. It is important to study the characteristics of the full price for vending models, and then make your choice, which one is better.
Which is preferable – a full-fledged router or access point
One of the most common problems – decide to buy a Wi fi router or access point.
Which is preferable? Two Wi fi devices differ from each other not only in appearance but also in functionality. The access point is actually a cable extender, which gives the radio. The signal is simply passed to the cable connected to the device, i.e. the computer. So you provide a wireless connection to the Internet. Using point implies certain settings tcp / ip protocol. Options provided by your ISP. The difficulty lies in the fact that even connect two computers will not be easy. In particular, the need to obtain an additional IP-address.
As for the home Wi fi router, then it is better that the access point is already in its design. It allows you to create a complete wireless network at home. The network will allow you to connect multiple devices – laptops, mobile phones, tablets. To do this, you will only need to enter a password, without making any configuration changes.
Another drawback, which is worth noting in particular the access point – this is the problem with protection from network intrusions. Therefore, you will need the exact Firewall setting on your computer. The router, in turn, has built-in protection feature against network attacks and other threats.
Another point – a range of Wi fi. Radius Access Point is quite limited. It is only 200-250 meters, provided that the signal path is no obstacle. Also, the access point has only one Ethernet-port routers whereas five ports. Four of them – LAN-ports, one – WAN-port. The WAN-ports connect the cables provided by providers. Indicator lights on the front panel, the signal is fed to the work of a particular port. LAN-ports are designed for signal distribution between clients created a local network. It uses twisted pair.
Manufacturers of access points set to factory settings so that DHCP-server is disabled. That is why requires a static IP-address. When the initial setup is necessary to specify the connection protocol that sets the provider. The possibility of access points using different protocols are limited, while the Wi fi routers are much more functional in this regard.
What to look for in the first place
Work router is to offer you a gateway for direct access to the Internet. It is often called a gateway device itself, since it is located at the junction of several networks. This enables using NAT-protocol transform provided by the ISP IP-address in the several local addresses. With this feature, you can connect multiple clients.
To better choose a router, it is important to understand how it can work. In total, there are several modes of operation:
If you only use one computer, an access point (played by the router) you will have enough. This is what we said in the previous paragraph of this article. In this mode, the router creates around itself a coverage area of a certain radius. You can connect a few other points, such as Wi fi adapters, and individual access points. To provide these functions, you need to use AR-protocol.
The differences between the modes
Which acts as a mode?
Working in client mode is available only for Wi fi routers. It allows you to connect the device to the surrounding wireless network Wi-Fi. This is very useful if, for example, you get a hand on the radio channel of the Internet. Using a cable to the radio network can be connected to desktop computers.
Bridge mode enables to connect together two segments of a standard Ethernet network, remote from each other. This router operating mode avoids wiring, if laying a separate cable is impossible or impractical. End turns invisible network and hence much more protected from unauthorized connections. Nor can we fail to note the excellent performance on the network.
Quite often there is a need to expand the coverage area of the router. Therefore, the router’s functions include the ability to work in repeater mode. Here, the device is used as a signal amplifier, extending from the core router. In this case, it is important to properly locate routers.
You see, the Wi-Fi routers can be used in different ways. The choice of equipment will depend entirely on your needs. But we are left with an important question: what is necessary to pay attention to the process of selecting a device for a house or apartment.
The main parameters of the router, affecting its functionality
The main thing to consider when buying a device for the home, is the following factors:
the presence of an external antenna;
the ability to support the most advanced data transfer protocol;
availability of network security protocol;
a certain class of router;
what will be the price;
which by the manufacturer it was issued;
the presence of Russian interface;
the presence of the official firmware.
The filling provides the functionality of the device. If you need a router work in different modes (as mentioned above), the filling and the configuration will be paramount. Note the presence of the USB port, which will depend on the ability to support a 3G-modem cameras, printers. Some routers allow you to use ADSL-connection.
Before you buy a router for a home, you need to make sure that it has a high quality and a powerful antenna. To do this, look at the specifications. Power rating is measured in decibels. Which is better, obviously – you need to select the device with the highest value dBi.
It is important that the router supports this communication protocol, like TCPIPv6. Who is most often using IPv4, the but it is limited to the length of the IP-addresses.
Once again we remind, that in any case can not forget about the presence of advanced network security protocols – WPA and WPA2.
The most important characteristics that need to pay attention to include: memory, processor speed, the amount of flash memory.
If you intend to play online games and downloading large files, choose a router with a WiFi data rate of 300 Mbit / s.
Class router is paramount. Modern routers should work in 802.11ac and 802.11n mode. Only devices that support such regimes are able to function at maximum speed.
A complete wireless network is capable of operating at a frequency of 2.4 GHz. But the best option – it is the frequency of 5 GHz wireless router. It is necessary to choose a dual-band router, which provides much better performance.
Modern service providers use different data transmission protocols. It is important to make sure that the router supports the protocol provided by your ISP.
Keep in mind that the number of functions directly proportional to the cost of the device. Also, the price depends on the brand. The well-known brand will cost more, but the price of their work is over.
But, despite the cost, the best option would be the purchase of a popular brand of router. Manufacturers provide a reliable guarantee, and brand reputation will speak for itself.